4 Benefits of Decaffeinated Coffee, History, Side Effects!
We all love and adore that morning cup of coffee. Whether it’s the aroma of bold and robust flavor or the ritual of preparing coffee and grinding our own beans, it is a nostalgic experience, in which it seems we never have enough. Many people consume coffee for that pure caffeine fever, some prefer decaffeinated coffee and others consume coffee for its health benefits. Either way, coffee is one of those drinks that will stand the test of time as one of the most consumed beverages worldwide. Now the big question is whether we can still get many of the health benefits reported by drinking decaffeinated coffee, especially if we are sensitive to caffeine. The answer is yes! Decaffeinated coffee nutrition offers many of the same health benefits as caffeinated coffee nutrition. What matters is the way decaffeinated coffee is processed.
Next, we will discuss the history of decaffeinated coffee, its various extraction methods, the health benefits of decaffeinated coffee and how to prepare decaffeinated coffee. You may be surprised at how powerful this decaffeinated version of your morning cup of coffee can be for your health.
Definition of Decaffeinated Coffee:
Decaffeinated coffee as the name implies, is a coffee without caffeine. It is coffee that has virtually eliminated all caffeine. The three processes that eliminate caffeine from coffee beans are through the extraction of water, solvent and / or carbon dioxide. As for which method is the best, let’s take a look. The two current methods of decaffeinated coffee are the Swiss water method and the carbon dioxide extraction method. The first process is called the Swiss water method. This method was invented in the 1970s. Use only water and osmosis to remove caffeine from coffee beans. Coffee beans are soaked in water for many hours, which helps to extract caffeine. The next step in this process is that caffeine-rich water is pretreated through a bed of pretreated carbon to eliminate caffeine.
The carbon dioxide method is probably the healthiest method for the elimination of caffeine, since it can eliminate caffeine without chemicals or aggressive solvents. Another benefit of the CO2 extraction method is that it tends to maintain its profile and aroma of infamous flavor. Both the Swiss water method and the CO2 extraction method do lose some of the volatile coffee oils, but at the end of the day, they are free of chemicals, which is a great advantage. Another interesting feature of decaffeinated coffee is that it technically does not contain caffeine. So how much caffeine is in decaffeinated coffee? It contains approximately three milligrams of caffeine per cup. This is quite low compared to a standard cup of coffee, which contains 80 to 120 milligrams of caffeine. However, if you are very sensitive to caffeine, this small amount could have an impact. And, of course, you don’t want to overdo it with regular or decaffeinated coffee or other caffeinated products to avoid an overdose of caffeine.
Is Decaffeinated Coffee Good or Bad for Your Health?
This is a broad question with many factors to consider. An important factor is the sensitivity of caffeine in general. To explore further, we all possess this specific enzyme called CYP1A2, which essentially determines how well we metabolize caffeine. For example, if you metabolize caffeine more slowly, caffeine will impact you more intensely than someone who metabolizes caffeine faster. How well you metabolize caffeine determines the amount of caffeine you can consume and tolerate. Another quite fascinating perspective to decaffeinate coffee compared to caffeinated coffee is that it will not affect the chemical called adenosine in your nervous system. Adenosine helps modulate your sleep and wake cycles. When you are awake throughout the day, adenosine accumulates in the brain. As the day progresses, it begins to feel sleepy and sleepy, sending signals to our entire body that it is time to rest and recover. When caffeine is consumed, it binds to adenosine receptors.
“This union causes your brain not to detect adenosine, so it keeps the brain activity active and alert”.
This is why you hear how caffeine consumption can disrupt our circadian rhythms. Decaffeinated coffee can be an excellent option for people sensitive to caffeine. Depending on your level of sensitivity, you may want to change your caffeine intake for hormonal reasons and / or give adenosine receptors time to recalibrate. We often hear that the caffeine in coffee negatively affects female hormones. However, in one study the researchers conducted a study in which they analyzed the association between total caffeine and coffee intake and its relationship with the severity of the symptoms of premenstrual syndrome. What the researchers discovered was that there was no increase in premenstrual syndrome symptoms and breast tenderness with coffee caffeine consumption. A final aspect of decaffeinated coffee to consider is that when it comes to coffee enemas, decaffeinated coffee is not as effective for the enema because caffeine, theophylline and theobromine are those that stimulate the relaxation of smooth muscles, causing dilation of blood vessels.
Decaffeinated Coffee Benefits:
With all the research related to coffee and its vast health benefits, the real question is: do the same health benefits apply to decaffeinated coffee? The answer is yes!
1. Help Reduce the Risk of Diabetes:
In a recent study, researchers found that both coffee caffeine and decaffeinated coffee consumption was associated with a lower risk of diabetes. The study suggests that some of the components of both types of coffee, such as lignans and chlorogenic acid, are responsible for many beneficial effects of glucose metabolism, in addition to decreasing oxidative stress in the body. Both regular black coffee and decaffeinated coffee are rich in magnesium, which has been associated with a lower risk of diabetes and better cardiovascular and brain function.
2. Protect the Liver:
Another study showed the hepatoprotective benefits of coffee, regardless of caffeine content. The researchers noted that coffee diterpenes and various oils, such as cafestol and kahweol, appear to show protective effects against a certain toxin called aflatoxin, which negatively damages the liver. The oils of cafestol and kahweol stimulate the production of glutathione, which is a powerful antioxidant that improves liver function and increases detoxification pathways in the body.
3. Aid for Cardiovascular Health:
Another wonderful benefit for both decaffeinated coffee and caffeinated coffee is the positive impact on endothelial function. Endothelial function is critical for cardiovascular health, as it helps modulate vasodilation and vasoconstriction of blood flow, providing the right amount of oxygen and nutrient-rich blood throughout the body. A dysfunction in the endothelial tissue can lead to an increased risk of heart disease. However, scientists recently discovered that decaffeinated coffee has minor positive impacts on free endothelial function. These researchers suspect that this is because coffee with caffeine has not undergone any decaffeination process, which tends to strip coffee of part of its polyphenol content. In addition to the antioxidant capacity of decaffeinated coffee, it also contains a decent amount of certain minerals and vitamins such as magnesium, calcium, iron, potassium, sodium and vitamin B3.
4. It can Improve Brain Function:
Another great highlight of coffee is its impact on brain cognition and psychomotor behavior. One study experimented with elderly rats supplemented with a 0.55 percent coffee diet. This equates to 10 cups of coffee a day. The researchers found that the rats that ingested the 0.55 percent coffee-rich diet showed better performance in psychomotor tests and in the work memory task compared to the old rats that received the control diet. The benefits of caffeine do not necessarily explain the best performance in the coffee-rich diet group. This is partly due to the beneficial bioactive polyphenols present in coffee.
Side Effects of Decaffeinated Coffee:
The side effects associated with decaffeinated coffee are not as well studied. Most of the literature has only been made on coffee with caffeine. Beyond caffeine, some of the common side effects related to coffee are its effects on nutrient interactions and nonheme iron absorption. The researchers found that for every cup of coffee consumed, the risk factors for hip fractures increased. This increased risk of hip fracture could correspond to how coffee decreases calcium absorption by approximately four to six milligrams of calcium loss per cup of coffee. Another area of concern, especially with regard to women, is the ability of coffee to bind to non-heme iron, which reduces the body’s ability to absorb iron. In fact, a cup of coffee reduces the iron absorption of a hamburger meal by 39 percent.
Decaffeinated Coffee Story:
¿ How the sale and distribution of decaffeinated coffee began? – This rich drink was first known in the trade of a German businessman who responded to the name of Ludwig Roselius. One of his cargo shipments of coffee beans had been damaged by seawater. Seawater destroyed the caffeine content of coffee beans with minimal impact on flavor. He later identified that the caffeine content had been virtually eliminated with very little impact on coffee flavor. This phenomenon paved the way for the creation of the first decaffeination method known as the “Roselius method”, which is no longer used due to the carcinogenic chemical called benzene.
Final Thoughts on Decaffeinated Coffee:
- Decaffeinated coffee is a coffee that goes through an extraction process that eliminates most of the caffeine. There are several methods, but the best is the carbon dioxide method, which does not use chemicals.
- Due to the extraction process, decaffeinated coffee loses some nutrition that normal coffee contains. However, decaffeination still offers many of the same benefits as regular coffee, even if some are to a lesser extent.
- For example, both decaffeinated coffee and regular coffee help decrease the risk of diabetes, protect the liver, help heart health and improve brain function.
- However, there are disadvantages, such as decreased calcium absorption from iron and caffeine, which can be a problem for people who are very sensitive to it. Therefore, be careful when consuming decaffeinated coffee, even if you have much less caffeine than regular coffee.